It is a race against time to put in place measures that will combat global warming in order to avoid catastrophic weather pattern. In this regard, countries have agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emission in an effort to keep global warming under 1.5 degrees under the Paris Agreement. Love news spoke with Dr. Ulric Trotz, the Deputy Executive Director, at the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre told Love news that on our present trajectory we are on track to get to 1.5 degrees by 2030.
Dr. Ulric Trotz – Deputy Executive Director, CCCCC: “Those commitments aren’t enough for us to achieve the type of control over global warming that we would want to see. It’s already a known fact that we have not committed to enough action and there is now a call for what we refer to as greater ambition and in 2020 all of our countries are supposed to put in a new commitment and hopefully that commitment will allow us to realize the type of control that we would like to see over global warming. But let me say making the commitment is the first step, actual implementation is the second step and this is one of the weaknesses of the convention is that all of these type of commitments are voluntary. There is no penalty for countries not meeting those commitments so they are condiments on paper.”
Trotz noted that the United States of America pulling out of the Paris Agreement, was a great disappointment.
Dr. Ulric Trotz – Deputy Executive Director, CCCCC: “The US is one of the big industrial countries/ emitters and I guess one might say it has sort of thrown a kind of spanner in the wheel that the US is not apart of the agreement but when you look at the USA despite the fact that the US has withdrawn there is alot of action taking place at the state level at the city level across the USA and they are in fact decreasing their greenhouse gas emissions. That is despite the fact that at the highest level they are not apart of the global agreement. At the local level, at the individual level California for instance is very progressive in terms of the controls that they put in place to cut down the greenhouse gas emissions coming from activities in the state.”
Trotz went on to explain the result of the countries failing to keep the temperature below 1.5 degrees.
Dr. Ulric Trotz – Deputy Executive Director, CCCCC: “At 1.5 degrees we feel that that is barely tolerable and just to take one example: Coral Reefs. The 1.5 points directly to the fact that if we get to a 1.5 degree warmer world 70% of our coral reefs would be devastated and if we go to 2 degrees they will be totally destroyed so this is the type of extreme that we are looking at and don’t forget that are coral reefs are one of the critical ecosystems for islands, for food, you fish ,its mostly protein input from the Caribbean population that comes from the marine environment and the coral reefs are one of the critical ecosystem that maintain your fisheries.”
Trotz added it will take transforming the architecture of our energy sector from one that is dependent on fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas, to one that utilizes the renewable resources, such as solar energy, wind power and water energy, to effectively combat global warming.