Prosecuting Hackers Poses Challenges as Cyber-Attacks Span the Globe
While cyber-attacks have become more prevalent across the world, locating, arresting, and prosecuting hackers has become more challenging. To date, local authorities are yet to identify the hackers behind the phishing scam that affected Belize’s banking system in February this year. And in the most recent case, in which Belize Electricity Limited suffered a cyber-attack that resulted in a data leak of customer information, the hackers are believed to be from across the globe. Dale Joseph, Cyber Policy Specialist at CARICOM IMPACS, explained that prosecuting cybercriminals is challenging but the regional body is working to reduce the difficulties faced.
Dale Joseph, Cyber Policy Specialist, CARICOM IMPACS: “We at CARICOM IMPACS recognize the gaps in prosecution and by extension the sharing of information within member states. In furtherance of that what we have done we have partnered with international organizations like the Council of Europe which is advancing the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime because if we as member states acceded to the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime it would make sharing of information easy throughout the world so that we can get evidence that we can use to prosecute. Another challenge with prosecutions within the region is obviously the legislation. We have been doing work to actually get harmonization of legislation because we recognize that the legislation would always be behind the technology. But it’s good for us in the region to have similar type of legislation so that we would get over hurdles of criminal duplicity so that we be able to share information quickly within the region and enhance our prosecutions.”